It’s a fact that evergreen trees and shrubs are often more costly than their counterparts – the deciduous (trees with leaves) trees. Why? This is mainly due to the fact that these trees maintain their beauty all year round. They are also known for their longevity and reliability. Evergreens include broad leaved shrubs such as rhododendron, tall pines, and spruces which many people refer to as “evergreens”.
Pine, known for its long, soft needles and rapid growth, is the most common of evergreen trees. Pine’s growth is so rapid that it can reach 60-80 feet maturity very quickly. Red pine is popular due to the fact that it can be used to create textured backgrounds and windbreaks.
Ponderosa pine is a compact type of pine that is used for ornamental purposes and wind protection. The Austrian or black pine, which has spreading branches is mostly used in the Midwest.
The Norway spruce tree is the most common type of evergreen tree used for a windbreak. This tree is very hardy, grows very fast, has a pyramid-like shape and has short dark needles. The Black Hills spruce tree is very tough and drought resistant. Even though it grows much slower than the Norway spruce, the Black Hills spruce can still reach a height of 40 feet in time.
On the other hand, a mature white spruce, used in landscaping designs, can reach a height of 60-70 feet. Colorado blue spruce is hardy but cannot withstand extreme heat and drought.
Red Cedar is the most popular type of evergreen Cedar trees. This type of cedar can be used as an ornamental tree for hedges and windbreaks. It is very hardy and can take winter very well.
The Douglas fir tree is regarded as the best evergreen tree for windbreaks and screening. It is drought resistant, very hardy, grows fast, looks beautiful in most landscape designs and has a pyramid shape. The Balsam fir also known as the Christmas tree is known for its unique appearance and fragrance. The white fir, on the other hand, has an attractive silver color.
The Juniper family of Evergreen trees is usually used in planting. The tall types like the upright Juniper are used as textured backgrounds while the spreading types such as the Pfitzer juniper are used for edgings and groundcover.
Yew, has upward reaching branches and glossy needles. It can be used as a tree and as a shrub and is one of the most versatile evergreens in that it can grow well in shade and sun.
All types of evergreens are usually affected by hot, dry weather conditions and should be watered after a few weeks or so during hot, dry weather conditions. It is good to ensure that you water it enough so that moisture reaches deep into the ground (at least 6 inches). Apply a layer of mulch in dry weather to prevent moisture loss.
In the late spring just before the appearance of new buds, prune your evergreens. And in the late fall, water them to protect against the drying of branches and cracking under the force of wind or weight of snow during winter.
Finding evergreens that can suit your taste and preferences is easy as there are many types of evergreens that can be used for different purposes in a home landscape design. I hope that this article will help you choose evergreens that will suit your needs and add beauty to your home. Also, remember that you need to choose trees or shrubs that you can take care of properly and I can assure you that you will enjoy landscaping with greens.